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Hyperopia

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Vision Health Concerns

The medical term hyperopia refers to a vision condition knowns as farsightedness. Like the name suggests, the condition causes difficulty when focusing on close-up objects.

Hyperopia is caused by a refractive error. The most common types of refractive errors are myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism.

What is a Refractive Error

An improperly shaped eye that prevents light from focusing directly on the retina is known as a refractive error. Factors such as the length of the eyeball, shapes of the cornea, and aging of the lens can cause refractive errors.

Hyperopia occurs when the eyeball is either too short or the cornea has too little curvature. Both factors may result in light being focused behind the retina opposed to directly on it. This results in the blurry appearance of nearby objects.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hyperopia include:

  • Difficulty in focusing on close-up objects
  • Eye strain, fatigue, and headaches
  • Squinting for nearby work

Experiencing any of these signs and symptoms may not necessarily mean you have hyperopia. The symptoms of hyperopia are extremely similar to those of presbyopia. If you notice any changes in your vision, you should schedule an eye examination with the optometrist in Woodstock Optical, Dr. Kassam, in order to determine the source.

Preparing for an Eye Exam

Dr. Kassam is trained to evaluate vision, prescribe corrective lenses, and diagnose eye disorders. In order for them complete their job to the highest degree of accuracy, a few simple steps should be taken prior, and during, your appointment.

If you already wear corrective lenses, it is important you bring them to your appointment. The optometrist is able to determine what prescription you currently use, and whether or not it needs to be strengthened.

During the examination, list any symptoms you’re experiencing. This helps the optometrist determine which tests should be completed. Finally, make a list of any questions you wish to ask to ensure anything is not left out.

Treating Hyperopia

The two most common methods of treatment for hyperopia are corrective lenses and refractive surgery.

 

  • Corrective Lenses work to correct your hyperopia by focusing incoming light directly on your retina. Corrective lenses are available in both eyeglasses and contact lenses.
  • Refractive Surgery’s goal is to eliminate or dramatically decrease the need for corrective lenses. Multiple procedures exist such as LASIK and PRK. Both procedures alter the shape of your cornea to correct any refractive errors.

 

Consult an optometrist to ensure you are fully educated on treatment options before proceeding.